Community health needs assessment (CHNA) is essential for improving and promoting the health of residents of McKean County. The role of CHNA is to identify factors that affect the health of a population and determine the availability of resources within the community to adequately address these factors. The establishment of a collaborative arrangement among community leaders, public health agencies, businesses, hospitals, private practitioners, and universities is fundamental to assisting the community to find answers to key questions such as (a) "What are our problems?" (b) "What factors contribute to these problems?" and (c) "What resources are available in the community to address these problems?" In the CHNA approach, as advanced here, the community members take the lead role in forming partnerships, gathering health-related data, determining priority health issues, identifying resources, and planning community health programs.
View and download the reports.
McKean County Final Results
Behavioral Risk Factors for McKean County
CHNA Process. The assessment is conceptualized as a process that will have several phases that are briefly identified below.
1. Establishment of Community Assessment Team. A Community Assessment Team (CAT) will be established to lead the CHNA process. This group will be comprised of motivated individuals who will serve as advocates for a wide-range of community members and will conscientiously represent concerns of various communities within McKean County. The University of Pittsburgh will provide technical resources to the committee.
2. Analysis of existing health data. Existing health statistics that will be analyzed include vital statistics, hospital utilization data and cancer registry data. These data sources will be analyzed using the integrated community health database currently being developed by the Center for Rural Health Practice. A thorough review of existing literature and studies related to community health in McKean County will also be conducted.
3. Analysis of existing social and demographic data. The census data from 1970 to 2000 will be analyzed to examine social, economic and demographic changes in McKean County. Official population projections of McKean County made by the Pennsylvania Data Center will be taken into account in the analysis.
4. Collection of Primary Data. The CAT will also collect information on community health issues through a series of focus group meetings and community forums. A sample survey, based on a structured instrument, will be considered depending on the availability of resources.
5. Pooling information. The CAT will assemble, review and interpret the data from phase 2, 3 and 4. This will provide a basic understanding of the major health issues and problems in McKean County. At this stage deficiencies in data and whether additional data is needed can be discussed.
6. Selecting health priorities. The CAT will develop criteria for selecting health priorities and prioritize community health issues identified in phase 5.
7. Selecting interventions. The CAT will develop criteria for selecting interventions to address problems identified in phase 6 and using these criteria the interventions to address each issue will be prioritized.
8. Implementation plan. An action plan to implement interventions identified in phase 7 will be developed.
9. Monitoring policy environment. The CAT will document and assess changes in the larger sociopolitical environment that affect health.
10. Developing a community health assessment report. This will represent the culmination of the assessment process. The report will include a detailed account of the process undertaken by the CAT and the findings of the assessment process. The report will be circulated widely and the CAT will hold formal meetings to present the findings to the general public.